Jawaharlal Nehru | Braves by their Broken Hearts

Barister(an advocate) to A freedom fighter....  The first Prime Minister of India... The central person in politics of India, before and after Independence... The architect of the Socialist and Democratic republic of India...
"The art of the people is a true mirror of their thoughts....", Nehru's one of the great quotes...
What made this brilliant kid who is interested in Science to choose service for society..?

BIOGRAPHY - Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru
  • Inspired by his teacher Ferdinand T.Brooks, he is interested in Science and Thesophy in his childhood.
  • Nehru's theosophical interests had induced him to the study of the Buddhist and Hindu scriptures.
  • According to Bal Ram Nanda, these scriptures were Nehru's "first introduction to the religious and cultural heritage of India".
  • He was greatly influenced by G. M. Trevelyan's Garibaldi books, which he had received as prizes for academic merit.
  • Nehru went to Trinity College, Cambridge in 1907 and graduated with an honours degree in natural science in 1910.During this period, he also studied politics, economics, history and literature desultorily. Writings of Bernard Shaw, H. G. Wells, J.M. Keynes, Bertrand Russell, Lowes Dickinson and Meredith Townsend moulded much of his political and economic thinking.
  • Nehru had developed an interest in Indian politics during his time in Britain as a student and a barrister.
  • The first big national involvement of Nehru came at the onset of the Non-Cooperation movement in 1920. He led the movement in the United Provinces (now Uttar Pradesh). Nehru was arrested on charges of anti-governmental activities in 1921, and was released a few months later. In the rift that formed within the Congress following the sudden closure of the Non-Cooperation movement after the Chauri Chaura incident, Nehru remained loyal to Gandhi and did not join the Swaraj Party formed by his father Motilal Nehru and CR Das.
  • During the mid-1930s, Nehru was much concerned with developments in Europe, which seemed to be drifting toward another world war. He was in Europe in early 1936, visiting his ailing wife, shortly before she died in a sanitarium in Switzerland.
  • Nehru elaborated the policies of the Congress and a future Indian nation in 1929.He declared that the aims of the congress were freedom of religion, right to form associations, freedom of expression of thought, equality before law for every individual without distinction of caste, colour, creed or religion, protection to regional languages and cultures, safeguarding the interests of the peasants and labour, abolition of untouchability, introduction of adult franchise, imposition of prohibition, nationalisation of industries, socialism, and establishment of a secular India.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru was a passionate advocate of education for India's children and youth, believing it essential for India's future progress. His government oversaw the establishment of many institutions of higher learning, including the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, the Indian Institutes of Technology, the Indian Institutes of Management and the National Institutes of Technology.
  • There were four known assassination attempts on Nehru. The first attempt on his life was during partition in 1947 while he was visiting North-West Frontier Province (now in Pakistan) in a car. The second one was by a knife-wielding rickshaw-puller in Maharashtra in 1955.The third one happened in Bombay (now Maharashtra) in 1956.The fourth one was a failed bombing attempt on train tracks in Maharashtra in 1961.Despite threats to his life, Nehru despised having too much security around him and did not like to disrupt traffic due to his movement.
  • Nehru married Kamala Kaul in 1916. Their only daughter Indira was born a year later in 1917. Kamala gave birth to a boy in November 1924, but he lived for only a week.
  • During most of Nehru's tenure as the prime minister, Indira served her father unofficially as a personal assistant.
  • Nehru was a prolific writer in English and wrote a number of books, such as The Discovery of India, Glimpses of World History, and his autobiography, Toward Freedom. He had written 30 letters to his daughter Indira Gandhi, when she was 10 years old and in a boarding school in Mussoorie, teaching about natural history and the story of civilisations. The collection of these letters was later published as a book Letters from a Father to His Daughter.
  • Peace is not the relationship of Nations..It is a state of mind created by Serenity of Soul... Peace is not merely the absence of war... It's a state of mind of every individual.. Lating peace can only achieved by Peace of mind.
  • Without Peace, all other dreams vanish and are reduced to ashes..
  • Failures comes only when we forgot our Ideals, Objectives and Principles...
  • What we really are matters more than what others think of us..


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