Abraham Lincoln | Braves by their Broken Hearts!

A man of complete failures... He might have been cursed by the God.. But his powerful heart has given him the courage to become the President of the powerful country in the world.. How this ordinary farming boy abolished the biggest problem of Slavery in the most powerful country?



BIOGRAPHY | ABRAHAM LINCOLN
  • He was born and grew up in a poor family.
  • He was self-educated and became a lawyer.
  • He later became a political party leader and also served as a state legislator and congressman
  • He left politics to continue his law career.
  • Again showing his anger on slavery, he re-entered politics.
  • He gained national attention in 1858 for debating national Democratic leader Stephen A. Douglas in the 1858 Illinois Senate campaign.

  • In 1818, Nancy Lincoln, Abraham's mother died of milk sickness, leaving 11-year-old Sarah in charge of a household that included her father, 9-year-old Abraham, and Dennis Hanks, Nancy's 19-year-old orphaned cousin.
  • Ten years later, on January 20, 1828, Sarah, his sister died while giving birth to a stillborn son. Lincoln was very distraught over his sister's death.
  • His father then married a widow, who has already three children of her own. Abraham considered his step-mother as his "Mother"...
  • Lincoln disliked the hard labor associated with farm life. He was called lazy for all his reading, scribbling, writing, ciphering, writing Poetry, etc.  His stepmother often said he did not enjoy physical labor, but loved to read.

  • He was an avid reader and retained a lifelong interest in learning. Family, neighbors, and schoolmates recalled that he read and reread the King James Bible, The Life of Washington, and The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin, among others.
  • Teenaged Lincoln took responsibility for chores. He accepted the customary practice that a son give his father all earnings from work outside the home until age 21.
  • He became known for his strength and audacity after winning a wrestling match with the renowned leader of a group of ruffians known as "the Clary's Grove boys".
  • After the family relocated to Illinois, Abraham became increasingly distant from his father Thomas, in part because of his father's lack of education, although occasionally lending him money. In 1831, as Thomas and other family prepared to move to a new homestead in Coles County, Illinois, Abraham left home. He lived in New Salem for six years. Lincoln and some friends took goods by flatboat to New Orleans, where he witnessed slavery firsthand.
  • According to some sources, Lincoln's first romantic interest was Ann Rutledge, whom he met when he first moved to New Salem. These sources indicate that by 1835, they were in a relationship but not formally engaged. She died in the same year, most likely of typhoid fever. 
If you are a cobbler, be a good cobbler. If you are a farmer, be a good farmer, and even If you are the president of a nation, be a good one.. - The cobbler who became the President of USA

  • In the early 1830s, he met Mary Owens from Kentucky. Late in 1836, Lincoln agreed to a match with Owens if she returned to New Salem. Owens arrived in November 1836, and Lincoln courted her for a time. However, they both had second thoughts. In August 1837, Lincoln wrote Owens a letter suggesting to end their relationship. She never replied.
  • In 1840, Lincoln became engaged to Mary Todd, a daughter of a wealthy slave-owner in Lexington, Kentucky. They met in Springfield, Illinois in December 1839 and were engaged a year later. A wedding set for January 1, 1841, was canceled at Lincoln's initiative. They reconciled and married on November 4, 1842, in the Springfield mansion of Mary's married sister. While anxiously preparing for the nuptials, Lincoln was asked where he was going and replied, "To hell, I suppose." In 1844, the couple bought a house in Springfield near Lincoln's law office. Mary kept house, often with the help of a relative or hired servant.
  • He was an affectionate husband and father of four children. Robert Todd Lincoln was born in 1843 and Edward Baker Lincoln (Eddie) in 1846. Edward died in 1850, probably of tuberculosis. 
  • Willie Lincoln was born in 1850, and died of a fever in 1862. The Lincolns' fourth son, Thomas "Tad" Lincoln, was born in 1853, and died of heart failure at the age of 18 in 1871. 
  • Only the elder son Robert reached adulthood and produced children. The Lincolns' last descendant, great-grandson Robert Todd Lincoln Beckwith, died in 1985. 
  • Lincoln was remarkably fond of children. Lincoln's law partner William H. Herndon often grew irritated when Lincoln used to bring his children to the law office. "Their father, it seemed, was often too absorbed in his own work to notice his children's behaviour." Herndon recounted, "I have felt many and many a time that I wanted to wring their little necks, and yet out of respect for Lincoln I kept my mouth shut. Lincoln did not note what his children were doing or had done."
[Video] Facts about Abraham Lincoln

  • The deaths of their sons had profound effects on both parents. Abraham suffered from depression. Later in life, Mary struggled with the stresses of losing her husband and sons, and Robert committed her temporarily to a mental health asylum in 1875.
  • In 1832, Lincoln and a businees partner bought a general store on credit in New Salem, Illinois. Although the economy was booming, the business struggled and Lincoln eventually sold his share. That March he entered politics, running for the Illinois General Assembly, advocating navigational improvements on the Sangamon River. He lacked an education, powerful friends, and money and lost the election.
  • Lincoln appeared before the Illinois Supreme Court in 175 cases, in 51 as sole counsel, of which 31 were decided in his favor. Lincoln's legal reputation gave rise to his nickname "Honest Abe".

  • In March 1857, Supreme Court Chief Justice Roger B. Taney wrote that blacks were not citizens and derived no rights from the Constitution. The decision sparked further outrage in the North. Lincoln denounced it. He argued, "The authors of the Declaration of Independence never intended 'to say all were equal in color, size, intellect, moral developments, or social capacity', but they 'did consider all men created equal in certain inalienable rights, among which are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness'."
  • Accepting the nomination, Lincoln delivered his House Divided Speech, "A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved. I do not expect the house to fall, but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing, or all the other.". The speech created an image of the danger of disunion. The stage was then set for the campaign for statewide election of the Illinois legislature. When informed of Lincoln's nomination, Douglas, the opposite candidate stated, "Lincoln is the strong man of the party ... and if I beat him, my victory will be hardly won."..

  • Lincoln campaign began cultivating a nationwide youth organization, the Wide Awakes, which it used to generate popular support throughout the country to spearhead voter registration drives, thinking that new voters and young voters tended to embrace new parties. 
  • Lincoln's ideas of abolishing slavery grew, drawing more supporters. People of the Northern states knew the Southern states would vote against Lincoln and rallied supporters for Lincoln.
  • As Douglas and the other candidates campaigned, Lincoln was the only one to give no speeches. Instead, he relied on the enthusiasm of the Republican Party. The party did the leg work that produced majorities across the North, and produced an abundance of campaign posters, leaflets, and newspaper editorials. 
  • Thousands of Republican speakers focused first on the party platform, and second on Lincoln's life story, emphasizing his childhood poverty. The goal was to demonstrate the superior power of "free labor", whereby a common farm boy could work his way to the top by his own efforts.
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  • On November 6, 1860, Lincoln was elected the 16th president of the United States. He was the first Republican president and his victory was entirely due to his support in the North and West. No ballots were cast for him in 10 of the 15 Southern slave states, and he won only two of 996 counties in all the Southern states. Lincoln received 1,866,452 votes, or 39.8% of the total in a four-way race. He won the free Northern states, as well as California and Oregon.

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