Shri Rabindranath Tagore | Braves by their Broken Hearts!

What made this man to write poems at a very  early age of 7? What made this man as a great observer, which he expressed mesmerizingly in poems, songs, dramas, letters, essays and novels which attracted the whole world towards him? How did this man took part in India's Freedom Struggle? Who is this man,in which whole Bengal was in him ? Let's know about this Multi-talented, Multi-skilled man who is the Nobel Laureate in Literature, A Brave by his Broken Heart, The Pride son of Mother India, a Great Freedom  fighter,The  Lion of  Bengal  and The Poet of the World!!!

Biographical Sketch | Shri Rabindranath Tagore
  • If you cry because the sun has gone out of your life, your tears will prevent you from seeing the stars.” - Rabindranath Tagore
  • The Tagore family with more than 300 years of history was one of the leading families in the then, Calcutta (Now Kolkata)
  • Rabindronath Thakur (Rabindranath Tagore) is the youngest son among thirteen children of Debendranath Tagore, the closest friend of Raja Ram Mohan Roy.
Debendranath Tagore
  • Debendranath Tagore used to travel around the country in spread of Hinduism.
  • Sharada Devi, mother of Rabindranath Tagore was died in his early childhood.
  • Tagore family hosted publication of literary magazines, and hosted many recitals of Bengali and Western classical music.
  • You can’t cross the sea merely by standing and staring at the water.” - Rabindranath Tagore
  • Tagore's father Debendranath used to invite several professional classic musicians to stay in their house and to teach Indian Classical music to his children.
  • Tagore's oldest brother, Dwijendranath Tagore was a poet and Philosopher. Another brother Jyothirindranath was a musician, composer and play-writer. His sister Swarnakumari was a novelist.
  • The suicide of Kadambari Devi, wife of Dwijendranath and dearest friend of Rabindranath, disturbed the mindsets of both the brothers for many years.
  • Let me not pray to be sheltered from dangers, but to be fearless in facing them. Let me not beg for the stilling of my pain, but for the heart to conquer it.” - Rabindranath Tagore
Rabindranath Tagore through stages of life
  • Rabindranath Tagore avoided ordinary schooling and used to roam around.
  • Hemendranath Tagore, his brother conditioned him physically by teaching him Swimming, Trekking, Gymnastics, Judo and Wrestling.
  • Tagore learned drawing, anatomy, geography and history, literature, mathematics, Sanskrit, and English (his least favourite subject).
  • I slept and dreamt that life was joy. I awoke and saw that life was service. I acted and behold, service was joy.” - Rabindranath Tagore
  • Years later he held that proper teaching does not explain things, it stokes curiosity.
  • After his upanayan (coming-of-age rite) at age eleven, Tagore and his father left Calcutta in February 1873 to tour India for several months, visiting his father's Santiniketan estate and Amritsar. 
  • There Tagore read biographies, studied history, astronomy, modern science, and Sanskrit, and examined the classical poetry of Kālidāsa. During his 1-month stay at Amritsar in 1873 he was greatly influenced by melodious gurbani and nanak bani being sung at Golden Temple for which both father and son were regular visitors.
  • It is very simple to be happy, but it is very difficult to be simple.” - Rabindranath Tagore
Golden Temple, Amritsar
  • He wrote 6 poems relating to Sikhism and a number of articles in Bengali child magazine about Sikhism.
  • He debuted in the short-story genre in Bengali with "Bhikharini" ("The Beggar Woman")
  • Because Debendranath wanted his son to become a barrister, Tagore enrolled at a public school in Brighton, East Sussex, England in 1878
  • The small wisdom is like water in a glass: clear, transparent, pure.The great wisdom is like the water in the sea: dark, mysterious, impenetrable.” - Rabindranath Tagore
  • He stayed for several months at a house that the Tagore family owned near Brighton and Hove. In 1877 his nephew and niece Suren and Indira Devi, the children of Tagore's brother Satyendranath to live with him.
  • He briefly read law at University College London, but again left school, opting instead for independent study of Shakespeare's plays Coriolanus, and Antony and Cleopatra and the Religio Medici of Thomas Browne. Lively English, Irish, and Scottish folk tunes impressed Tagore.
  • In 1890 Tagore began managing his vast ancestral estates in Shelaidaha (today a region of Bangladesh). He was joined there by his wife and children in 1898. Tagore released his Manasi poems (1890), among his best-known work.
  • There, the folk songs of Baul Lalon Shah inspired Tagore mostly.
  • In 1901 Tagore moved to Santiniketan to found an ashram with a marble-floored prayer hall The Mandir an experimental school, groves of trees, gardens, a library. There his wife and two of his children died. His father died in 1905. 
Rabindranath Tagore with his wife Mrinalini Devi
  • He received monthly payments as part of his inheritance and income from the Maharaja of Tripura, sales of his family's jewellery, his seaside bungalow in Puri, and a derisory 2,000 rupees in book royalties. He gained Bengali and foreign readers alike. he published Naivedya (1901) and Kheya (1906).
“Where the mind is without fear
and the head is held high,
where knowledge is free.
Where the world has not been broken up into fragments by narrow domestic walls.
Where words come out from the depth of truth,
where tireless striving stretches its arms toward perfection.
Where the clear stream of reason has not lost it's way
into the dreary desert sand of dead habit.
Where the mind is led forward by thee
into ever widening thought and action.
In to that heaven of freedom, my father,
- Rabindranath Tagore in Geethanjali
  • In November 1913, Tagore learned he had won that year's Nobel Prize in Literature. The Swedish Academy appreciated the idealistic nature of a small body of his translated material focused on the 1912 Gitanjali: Song Offerings.
Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, 1919 at Amritsar
  • He was awarded a knighthood by King George V in the 1915 Birthday Honours, but Tagore renounced it after the 1919 Jallianwala Bagh massacre. Renouncing the knighthood, Tagore wrote in a letter addressed to Lord Chelmsford, the then British Viceroy of India, "The disproportionate severity of the punishments inflicted upon the unfortunate people and the methods of carrying them out, we are convinced, are without parallel in the history of civilised governments... The time has come when badges of honour make our shame glaring in their incongruous context of humiliation, and I for my part wish to stand, shorn of all special distinctions, by the side of my country men.”.
  • A mind all logic is like a knife all blade. It makes the hand bleed that uses it.” - Rabindranath Tagore
  • He mourned the perennial poverty of Calcutta and the socio-economic decline of Bengal, and detailed these newly plebeian aesthetics in an unrhymed hundred-line poem. Fifteen new volumes appeared, among them prose-poem works Punashcha (1932), Shes Saptak (1935), and Patraput (1936). Experimentation continued in his prose-songs and dance-drama Chitra (1914), Shyama (1939), and Chandalika (1938) and in his novels Dui Bon (1933), Malancha (1934), and Char Adhyay (1934).
  • His respect for scientific laws and his exploration of biology, physics, and astronomy informed his poetry, which exhibited extensive naturalism and his realistic view on things..
  • "Clouds come floating into my life, no longer to carry rain or usher storm, but to add color to my sunset sky." —Verse 292, Stray Birds, 1916.
Rabindranath Tagore in Germany, 1931
  • Between 1878 and 1932, Tagore set foot in more than thirty countries on five continents.
  • From May 1916 until April 1917, he lectured in Japan and the United States. He denounced nationalism. His essay "Nationalism in India" was scorned and praised. It was admired by Romain Rolland and other pacifists.
Rabindranath Tagore with Jawaharlal Nehru

Rabindranath Tagore with Albert Einstein

  • Music fills the infinite between two souls” - Rabindranath Tagore.


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