Albert Einstein | Braves by their Broken Hearts!

The world's known most intelligent brain... a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics. His work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science. He is best known to the general public for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2, which has been dubbed "the world's most famous equation". He received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect", a pivotal step in the development of quantum theory.


Einstein published a paper on "General relativity" in 1916 introducing his theory of gravitation. He continued to deal with problems of statistical mechanics and quantum theory, which led to his explanations of particle theory and the motion of molecules. He also investigated the thermal properties of light and the quantum theory of radiation, the basis of laser, which laid the foundation of the photon theory of light. In 1917, he applied the general theory of relativity to model the structure of the universe.

[Video] Einstein explaining what is Time. (from 'Genius:Einstein', a series on National Geographic)

Albert Einstein | Biographical Sketch
  • Einstein's father was Hermann Einstein, a salesman and engineer. In 1880, the his family moved to Munich, where Einstein's father and his uncle founded a company that manufactured electrical equipment based on direct current.
  • Albert attended a Catholic elementary school from the age of 5, for three years. At the age of 8, he was transferred to the Luitpold Gymnasium (now known as the Albert Einstein Gymnasium), where he received advanced primary and secondary school education.
  • In 1894, Einstein's father's company lost a bid to supply the city of Munich with electrical lighting. The loss forced the sale of the factory. In search of business, the Einstein family moved to Italy.
Einstein at the age of 3 (1882)
  • His father intended for him to pursue electrical engineering, but Einstein clashed with authorities and resented the school's regimen and teaching method.
  • "Education is not the learning of facts, but training the mind to think..." - Albert Einstein
  • He later wrote that the spirit of learning and creative thought was lost in strict rote learning. At the end of December 1894, he travelled back from school to join his family, convincing the school to let him go by using a doctor's note.
  • During his time in Italy he wrote a short essay with the title "On the Investigation of the State of the Ether in a Magnetic Field".
  • His mother played the piano reasonably well and wanted her son to learn the violin, not only to instill in him a love of music but also to help him assimilate into German culture. Einstein began playing violin when he was 5.
  • Einstein always excelled at math and physics from a young age, reaching a mathematical level years ahead of his classmates. The twelve-year-old Einstein taught himself algebra and Euclidean geometry over a single summer. Einstein also independently discovered his own original proof of the Pythagorean theorem at age 12.
  • "Imagination is more important than knowledge!" - Albert Einstein
14 Year old Einstein
  • His passion for geometry and algebra led the twelve-year-old to become convinced that nature could be understood as a "mathematical structure".
  • "If you want to live a happy life, tie it to goals, not to people or things.." - Albert Einstein
  • Einstein started teaching himself calculus at 12, and when he was 14-year-old, he had mastered Integral and differential calculus, the most difficult topics in mathematics.
  • At the age of 16, Einstein took the entrance examinations for the Swiss Federal Polytechnic. He failed to reach the required standard in the general part of the examination, but obtained exceptional grades in physics and mathematics. On the advice of the principal of the Polytechnic, he attended the Argovian cantonal school in Switzerland to complete his secondary schooling.
  • In 1900, Einstein passed the exams in Maths and Physics and was awarded the Federal Polytechnic teaching diploma.
  • "Stay away from negative people.. They have a problem for every solution!" - Albert Einstein
Einstein with his wife Elsa (1821)
  • Einstein married Elsa Löwenthal in 1919. She was a first cousin maternally and a second cousin paternally. They emigrated to the United States in 1933. Elsa was diagnosed with heart and kidney problems in 1935 and died in December 1936.
  • After graduating in 1900, Einstein spent almost two frustrating years searching for a teaching post.
  • He secured a job with the help of his friends in Bern, Switzerland at a patent office as an assistant examiner. Einstein evaluated patent applications for a variety of devices including an electro-mechanical typewriter. In 1903, his position at the Swiss Patent Office became permanent.
  • Much of his work at the patent office related to questions about transmission of electric signals and electrical–mechanical synchronization of time, two technical problems that led to the thought experiments that eventually led Einstein to his conclusions about the nature of light and the fundamental connection between space and time.
[Video] Einstein discussing with Heisenberg (from 'Genius:Einstein')
  • "A person who never made a mistake, never tried anything new..." - Albert Einstein
  • In 1900, Einstein's paper "Conclusions from the Capillarity Phenomena" was published in the journal "Annalen der Physik". On 30 April 1905, Einstein completed his thesis, with Alfred Kleiner, Professor of Experimental Physics. As a result, Einstein was awarded a PhD by the University of Zürich.
  • The year 1905 has been called Einstein's amazing year. He published four groundbreaking papers, on the photoelectric effect, Brownian motion, special relativity, and the equivalence of mass and energy, which were to bring him to the notice of the academic world, at the age of 26.
  • By 1908, he was recognized as a leading scientist and was appointed lecturer at the University of Bern. The following year, after giving a lecture on electrodynamics and the relativity principle at the University of Zürich, Alfred Kleiner recommended him to the faculty for a professorship in theoretical physics. Einstein was appointed associate professor in 1909.
  • Based on calculations Einstein made in 1911, about his new theory of general relativity, light from another star should be bent by the Sun's gravity. In 1919, that prediction was confirmed by Sir Arthur Eddington during the solar eclipse of 29 May 1919. Those observations were published in the international media, making Einstein world-famous. 
Quirky facts about the life of Albert Einstein
  • "If you can't explain it simply, you don't understand it well enough.." - Albert Einstein.
  • On 7 November 1919, the leading British newspaper The Times printed a banner headline that read: "Revolution in Science – New Theory of the Universe – Newtonian Ideas Overthrown".
Albert Einstein (1921)
  • He was awarded the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect".
  • In February 1933, while on a visit to the United States, Einstein, as a Jewish Scientist, knew he could not return to Germany with the rise to power of the Nazis under Germany's new chancellor, Adolf Hitler.
  • "A clever person solves the problem, whereas a wise person ignores it..." - Albert Einstein
  • Einstein was now without a permanent home, unsure where he would live and work, and equally worried about the fate of countless other scientists still in Germany. He rented a house in Belgium, where he lived for a few months.
  • Einstein later contacted leaders of other nations, including Turkey's Prime Minister, to whom he wrote in September 1933 requesting placement of unemployed German-Jewish scientists
Einstein (1935)
  • Einstein developed an appreciation for music at an early age. In his late journals he wrote: "If I were not a physicist, I would probably be a musician. I often think in music. I live my daydreams in music. I see my life in terms of music... I get most joy in life out of music."
  • Music took on a pivotal and permanent role in Einstein's life from that period on. Although the idea of becoming a professional musician himself was not on his mind at any time, among those with whom Einstein played chamber music were a few professionals, and he performed for private audiences and friends.
  • Einstein was deeply impressed by Mahatma Gandhi. He exchanged written letters with Gandhi, and called him "a role model for the generations to come" in a letter writing about him.
Einstein (1947)
  • When asked if he believed in an afterlife, Einstein replied, "No. And one life is enough for me." He observed that without 'ethical culture' there is no salvation for humanity.
  • On 17 April 1955, Einstein experienced internal bleeding caused by the rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. Einstein refused surgery, saying, "I want to go when I want. It is tasteless to prolong life artificially. I have done my share; it is time to go. I will do it elegantly." He died early the next morning at the age of 76, having continued to work until near the end.
  • The pathologist of Princeton Hospital, Thomas Stoltz Harvey, removed Einstein's brain for preservation without the permission of his family, in the hope that the neuroscience of the future would be able to discover what made Einstein so intelligent.
  • Einstein's General relativity has developed into an essential tool in modern astrophysics. It provides the foundation for the current understanding of black holes, regions of space where gravitational attraction is so strong that not even light can escape.
  • "Don't try to become a man of success.. Try to become a man of values!" - Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein with Rabindranath Tagore.

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